Everything indicated in this report has been told or by refugees either by workers. We indicated here their points of views, their opinions, their experiences. These are the answers of the questions we asked them.
Refugees were asked why did they flee their countries.
Interviewed refugees fled mainly because of political persecutions. Some had to flee because they were socially and politically active during the Syrian revolution and were detained for these activities. Now, they are unable to return because the war is still continuing. Others fled because they publicly denounced the government, or, as a member of the police, refused to take part in corruption. There are also people that were targeted by a powerful crime syndicate: one example is the ransom kidnapping of a bank employee’s son. Some refugees had to flee persecution based on homosexuality, forced marriage or also genital mutilation.
Refugees were asked why did they seek asylum in France. Most of these people did not choose to ask in asylum in France, it simply was the country were the traffickers took them. For those that speak English, they wished they could have gone to an English speaking country instead, but they did not have the means or the right passport to travel there. Some were willing to ask asylum in France because they already knew the language and it was easier. Some also thought that France was the “Human Right’s Country” and thought they would be protected.
Refugees were asked how was their reception in France. When refugees speak about their arrival in France, it is often the memory of a really traumatic period. A lot of them were abandoned in the street, had to sleep outside for a long period, sometimes with children. The shelters were full and it took time before places were free. A family explained they were assaulted and beaten by the police, despite having children of 2 and 5 years old. As a result they had to go to a hospital for treatment. Nonetheless, the hospital told them it would be useless to file a complaint against the police. Such an incident was really painful, especially for a person who already fled a country in which they were not protected by the authorities of the state. Many had to be helped by members of their own communities to know how to seek asylum and how to request a shelter.
All refugees agree that the process of the asylum application is difficult and extremely stressful. It is complex, it too easilly concludes that people are from a “secure country”, or it takes extremely long (more than two years). People from countries considered “secure” are afraid to be considered as “fake” asylum seekers and worried about not being able to prove their personal persecution. Once asylum seekers are admitted in a refugee center, they experience good support; for example, access to translators, education, activities and social and legal aid. Further, the personnel of these centers try to explain all the processes and also listen to them.
Refugees were asked how is the situation in their country now. What those that fled political persecution noticed is that their countries were often deemed sufficiently democratic and respectful of human rights by the French authorities. This shows that the guise of peace can often be deceiving and does not mean that the rights of individuals are respected. In such cases, people like lawyers or organisations like human rights NGOs are often powerless. For other refugees, the situation of the country is really bad, in whole war.
Refugees were asked if family members are planning to seek asylum as well. But actually, not all family members of refugees plan to seek asylum: in some situations, the individual family members got asylum in different countries or the family is planning to leave and to seek asylum somewhere else. But sometimes, mostly in case of political persecution, the threat does not concern all family members.
Refugees were asked if they feel they have a future in this country. Every refugee is conscious it will be quite hard to settle in the country of refuge. It is necessary to learn the language and hard to get your professional and academic background recognized. For most this is the hardest challenge, it forces refugees to start again from the ground. Despite this, a lot of them are hopeful and think that, thanks to patience and efforts, they can manage to have a future here.
Refugees were asked if knowing what they know now, they would have done things differently. Knowing what they know now, a lot of them would not have done what led to their persecution or would have done it differently. They would have thought twice before leaving, and even if they did not have any choice but to flee, they wish they could have avoided to be treated as they were when they reached France.
In this second part, are transcripted Interviews with people working with refugees. Here again, all the given information/opinions come from the answer of interviewed workers. These are what they replied to the questions.
I interviewed three main types of refugee workers:
People working with asylum seekers and refugees during their asylum procedure and immediately after being granted the refugee status.
Refugees were firstly asked what are they doing exactly at work.
People working in administrative detention centers, assisting asylum seekers with rejected applications, or people caught at the borders or without a right to stay in France for other reasons.
People that help in migrant camps on the border.
For people working with asylum seekers during the asylum seeking process, there are mainly 2 types of settings.
The first one is a platform, a basic office, not connected to an asylum center. During the day, asylum seekers and “new” refugees can come, to follow their legal processes (filling out the form to ask asylum, preparing the interview with the officer, appealing the decision if the OFPRA rejects, etc.) and social processes (register for the monthly allowance for asylum seekers, getting health insurance, looking for shelter or accommodation, registering children to school, etc.)
The second one is a center, in which asylum seekers live. In this center, the operators manage the legal, social and integration processes for/with the asylum seekers of the center. Moreover, in this kind of center, operators will often organize activities and animations for the inhabitants. When asylum seekers are granted asylum, operators help them to prepare necessities like getting the refugee card, being registered to the work office or looking for accommodation.
For those working in migrant camps on the borders, the tasks are quite general. They have to manage food distribution, and also participate in the preparation of the food. A lot of the work concerns translation and information: the right to seek asylum, Dublin Regulations, Restoring Family Links Services, health and work possibilities.
A part is also about counting refugees, controlling who enters in the camp, checking the rooms,…
Finally, some people are working in the administrative detention center. They are working there through an NGO or association and their aim is to legally assist migrants sent to this center for deportation. They help people, amongst other things, to do appeals against the decision to send them away or to seek asylum in emergency.
workers were asked if it was a conscious choice to work with refugees. Actually, a large part of the people working with asylum seekers studied human rights or humanitarian action and working with asylum seekers and refugees is actually part of their ambition and what they love to do. Some people knew already during their studies that they would like to work in this field.
Refugees were asked which is – in their views – the most pressing issue with regard to refugees in France and on an international and EU level. Refugee workers notice many pressing issues :
At an international level, it looks like the most pressing issue is to resolve existing conflicts and to promote peace.
At a European level, first of all, there is the phenomena of ““fashioned”” asylum seekers. Some nationalities are considered to have by default the right to asylum , while others are mostly considered to make false requests. Through the asylum seeking process or directly in the hotspots, governments scout the ““market”” and select refugees following their nationalities. In France, it was a problem during the relocation of asylum seekers and refugees. People in certain cities were expecting to welcome Syrian asylum seekers, but instead asylum seekers from Eritrea arrived. These Eritrean refugees did not receive the treatment and accompaniment which was initially planned for Syrian refugees, which is absolutely discriminating and against refugee’s rights.
Workers underlined also the problem of the media which use the facts and situations, mostly in a negative sense. They don’t talk about positive action from European civil society towards refugees and from refugees themselves. Media is partly responsible in the existing tension on the refugee’s question. Another challenge at a European level is the Dublin regimentation which is really too strength. The fact that people can’t seek asylum in each country is somehow logical, but this shouldn’t mean they can’t have the choice of the country in which they wish to seek asylum.
Then, even if Dublin III begins to take in account personal situations, the system is still too strong. Language, relations, cousins (not only closed relatives) are really important elements. Then, Dublin can’t be imposed if there are so huge difference between the standards of protection and rights between European countries.
Some refugee workers say that we have to carefully respect the Geneva Convention of 1951, which means welcoming ALL people in need of protection (without quotas or number limitation). We need a true policy to welcome refugees, and have to cease to close borders to avoid refugees to come. We need to open the borders and to help massively bordering countries. It’s also necessary to be really strict on the full respect of the European convention of human rights. Countries enabled to conform to that rules should be forced to leave UE.
Finally, discrimination against migrants leads to exclusion, poverty, anger and is a huge obstacle for integration.
In France, several pressing issues were pointed out by interviewed workers. It seems that the state only wants to spend the minimum amount of money on migration policies and their implementation. This leads to a very low level of services, far lower than what this country is able to do. Accommodation for asylum seekers is rare and mostly in a bad condition. In order to receive correspondence and follow their processes asylum seekers need to register on an address, the level of services, however, makes it difficult to do so. Moreover, they do not have the right to work during their asylum seeking process and without an income it is almost impossible to find housing.
Another problem pointed out by refugees workers is the complicated nature of the asylum processes. For example, if the prefecture decides not to give them the right to stay during their asylum seeking, they have only 7 days to make an appeal against this decision. All processes are extremely long, for example to get the result of the asylum seeking, to get a monthly allowance or to get housing,
Then we asked refugee workers about the general opinion about refugees in France, in a public and political senseand they do not have all the same perception.
Some of them think the general opinion is mainly negative. The role of the media is underlined; they mostly treat refugees in a negative context: they talk about the problems and the crisis never about positive and sympathetic facts. This brings people to a negative point of view about migrants and causes them to more easily accept strict laws on migration. Politicians adopt this sentiment to be well received by the people. A refugees worker told we can notice the success of far-right parties, the ones are opposed to refugees welcoming. Some workers feel difficulty to talk about their work, as sometimes people will answer with hard and racist words about migrants.
Nonetheless, some workers put forwards the fact that this opinion is the noisiest one, but may not represent the general opinion of people. For a lot of people, there is overall a lack of knowledge and understanding but not systematically a rejection. They might be afraid or insecure, but also feel empathy. Some people will be in favor of welcoming a certain type of asylum seeker or refugee (Christians from Iraq or Syrians are especially well seen), but at the same time are also demanding: refugees should not benefit too much from social assistance/funds, work, integrate, etc. This view is very useful at the political stage. When politicians express themselves about migration, they cannot adopt a full rejection speech and they talk mainly about financing migration policies, about the problem of ““social peace”” and about the cost of welcoming migrants.
In politics, a strict division is made between “refugees” and “other non endangered migrants”. However, such a division is not realistic. Migrants can be both: poor and endangered. Endangered people can be unable to express their stories properly and will be considered as not entitled to the refugee status. Working with migrants every day, you will learn quickly that you cannot put people in categories so easily. Migration cannot be for bad or good reasons. This view is really far from reality.
All refugee workers agree on the fact that the reality of migration in France is largely unknown to the general public. People have a wrong idea of the profiles, behaviors, backgrounds, treatments and the welcoming of migrants. The public imagines that asylum seekers are welcomed in good conditions and receive large amounts of money. They also think our country is welcoming more refugees than other countries.
A Refugees worker wanted also to underline that a lot of people are also willing to take part to the welcoming of refugees. They don’t know how to help but they have empathy. Some organisations have proposed families to welcome refugee’s family at home for a while or for holidays. There were too many french families proposing to host refugees and these organisations had to refuse the participation of lots of french families as these were too much.
Another question asked to
Refugee Workers is which are the most significant changes they have experienced, over time, in the way refugees are treated and perceived. Actually, most of them have not noticed positive changes. At the same time, the current situation made that a lot of people are now talking about migrants and that there is a lot of initiative when before nobody cared. This might be the positive point: facing political inertia, we can see civil society taking on the problem and proposing more efficient solutions than the government does (Organisations linking French families to welcome refugees, organizing migrant camps, distribution of food, and so on).
Refugee workers put forward that despite these changes, racism still exists and is even higher. Terrorist attacks brought people to assimilate refugees to potential Terrorists. Politicians and media speeches are stressful and worrying for people.
The processes remain difficult and integration is still hard. No matter how refugees are qualified they always face difficulties with getting equivalence of their diploma and experience and have to do job qualified at a really lower level than the job they had previously. Behind a lot of talks, the practice remains the same. Everybody had pity for Syrians, but in practice when they reached France at the beginning, there were imprisoned in administrative detention centers.
In the school, pressure is immediate towards immigrant children and their families: they have to integrate and immediately. In conclusion, the general feeling of pity brought some good initiatives, but didn’t change the way refugees are really perceived and even less the way in which they are treated.
A last question asked to
workers is which could be their expectations regarding changes in refugee policies for people working with refugees and which refugee issues could benefit most from more strictly enforced EU-level regulations and laws? A lot of ideas come from practitioners. Working in the field, it becomes really easy to put forward all the failures.
When asked about expected or necessary changes in refugee policies, all refugee workers agree that it is absolutely necessary to organize a way to host, with dignity and without discrimination all asylum seekers. It is also necessary to give them the opportunity to work from the first beginning. It would also be essential to assist them deeply in their integration process.
For this, it would be deeply important to push societal initiatives and allocate funds to associations to lead this kind of projects. The EU should also invest money in better reception facilities instead of giving money to barely democratic countries because we want them to prevent refugees from reaching Europe. Changing the discourse on migrants is also really important: this change should is the responsibility of the state and organisations should be helped to organize such events as intercultural dialogue/integration activities.
In France, Refugee Workers think it is essential to stop with the presumed « safe » countries which lead asylum seekers to have express processes.
At a European level, the Dublin regulation should be totally reformed; it causes a lot of dramatic and unacceptable situations. This is a change which could be brought through strictly enforced European law.
The legal definition of refugee should be reformed. Subsidiary protection is not enough, we have to include larger humanitarian reasons, such as serious economical difficulties or climate change. For Refugee workers, this could also be brought through law enforced at a European level. For them, UE laws should be an opportunity to improve the system in the sense of a better respect of fundamental rights and humanity.
To end the interviews, workers were asked what they find the most challenging aspect of their job and what are rewards it brings.
“To cope with a logic stronger than ourselves”. Bitter. Angry. A common point refugee workers share is their disappointment and their commitment.
They all are upset about the lack of humanity towards refugees, the violence when they are imprisoned in administrative detention centers, the demands of institutions, and the Machiavellianism of a system asking them so much but forbidding them everything. It is hard to go on when doors are hermetically closed. It is hard to preserve refugees and help them when around you there are so few possibilities and so much pressure.
But all are involved and committed. They love their beneficiaries and they are willing to help them despite the context and the conditions. This involvement is their strength. Each asylum seeker being granted asylum and each tribunal giving a migrant his proper rights is a victory and bring happiness to workers. Additionally, these migrants bring them a story, a background, a culture, a strength, such a strength!
Migrants help the refugee workers to feel useful and feeling useless is one of the worst feelings a human can feel. Thanks to this work, they get a better perspective on life. They learn a lot about human beings and their beneficiaries teach them how lucky they are and how blessed their lives are in comparison to the suffering of others.
Analysis of how the media depicts the refugees in France
Is there national media attention for refugees and refugee issues?
Refugees and refugee issues are widely covered by French media. On average, top newspaper Le Monde publishes 2 detailed articles per week on this topic, for example. Notably, this newspaper has focused on this issue for a long time, even before the refugees crisis became acute and “visible” to ordinary citizens, that is, when arrival of refugees to Eastern European borders became massive. Similarly, all print media devote articles to the refugee issue on a very regular basis. This is not only the case of national media (i.e. daily newspapers and weekly newsmagazines), but also regional media, despite their well-known trend towards the coverage of local events alone.
TV channels are not an exception to the rule and devote lots of reports to refugees. Popular channel TF1, whose newscast is the most followed among the general public, frequently covers the topic, up to a daily basis. Governmental TV channels, including France 2 and France 3, also show a significant interest on the refugees, though a different point of view is often adopted. Private channels, such as TF1, mainly addresses two dimensions: the security one (with reports dealing with the control on Eastern European countries’ borders, for instance) and the personal one (with reports telling the story of particular refugees). On the other side, governmental channels focuses more frequently on humanitarian aspects of the topic and broadcast reports on volunteers welcoming refugees in Greece for example, or villages hosting refugees in the French countryside.
With regard to print media, the spectrum of covered issues is wider. In addition to reports in the field and “portraits” of single refugees, articles also deal with political aspects, especially how the European Commission addresses the crisis; international aspects, including the crisis response in other European countries; or even the historical point of view (refugees’ host tradition in Syria, for example) or the cultural one (a book publishers’ initiative aiming at children and explaining them who the refugees are was largely reflected, for example).
However, it should be noted that when referring to refugees, all media (print and TV) more frequently use the term of “migrants” than the term of “refugees”.
How are refugees presented by the media? And is being a country of refuge presented in a negative, neutral or positive way?
We chose to answer to the latter question first, as the answer is quick: the status of country of refuge is never dealt with in this way by media. No media company undertakes to open a discussion on this point: what do refugees bring to countries of refuge, or even what disadvantages do this status involve?
This aspect is basically ignored. Only one op-ed could be found on this issue. Under the title “Welcoming refugees is an asset”, this opinion article is written by a priest, and tackles the philosophical dimensions of refugees’ presence. In line with the Christian traditions, it highlights the benefits of sharing thoughts, experiences and time with those people coming from remote countries. Apart from this story, no media considers the topic from this perspective. One could infer that the media do not want to take the risk of assuming that being a country of refuge may entail difficulties. In France, criticizing refugees’ presence politically refers to the extreme right wing; therefore, all “respectable” media refrains from asking such a sensitive question.
On the other side, media managers know that in France, the general public does not favour the massive arrival of refugees. Another assumption may be that any article underlining that refugees’ presence has positive consequences would be seen as risky and offend the convictions of a majority of readers. As a result, media avoid raising the question. Again, this is only an assumption.
While they neglect to discuss the benefits/constraints of being a country of refuge, the media devote a large number of articles to the refugees themselves. An endless series of portraits/personal stories of single refugees can be read/watched on all kinds of media. While French media are traditionally influenced by the American school of journalism, a majority of them tend to publish “neutral” articles, or at least, articles that try to address all aspects of a question, either positive or negative. Nevertheless, the choice of the subject, or with regard to portraits, the empathy showed with depicted individuals, reveal a lot about media’s perception of refugees.
That said, all studied articles actually showed a positive perception of the refugees. Personal stories of single refugees published/broadcast by the media often share common points. Most of them mention the difficulties faced by people coming from remote countries, especially the exhausting travel they experienced. Lots of reports also emphasize that refugees thank French people for welcoming them. Stories published in the aftermath of terrorist attacks in Paris often stressed that Syrian refugees, for instance, were in great distress over the attacks, or even afraid, stood by Parisian people and asserted their solidarity with them.
Two reports also noticed that the education level of the Syrian/Iraqi refugees was often high, with many graduated people. Single reports go further and tell the story of outstanding refugees. For example, TV channel TF1 reported in November on two Syrian swimming champion sisters who did not hesitate to dive into water to save their travel companions as their boat was sinking.
A number of media also report from small cities or villages that welcomed a few additional refugees, following European decisions of expanding the number of hosted people. For example, a governmental channel went to the Vosges region last November to go into the question in two villages. Its report revealed that while mayors accepted official requests for accommodating a small number of refugees, town councils refused their arrival.
From a political point of view, plenty of articles addresses country policies towards the refugee issue. Surprisingly, many articles deal with US and German restrictive policies, but not with the French one. Several articles published in Le Monde newspaper criticize politicians’ attitudes/governmental practices. For example, a report published last October warn about the presence of Syrian refugees in detention centres and denounces “the Government’s false magnanimity”. In November, a blog hosted by Le Monde’s website undertook to fix the misinformation shared by Pierre Lellouche right-winger about aids directed at refugees.
Finally, a regional newspaper reported in October on a poll exploring the refugee issue, that was conducted in 7 European countries. That poll revealed that only 46% of French people favoured the idea of welcoming refugees, whereas in Germany and in Italy, these rates were much higher, with respectively, 79% of Germans and 77% of Italians approving the idea. The newspaper concluded that France represented “a rejection front”. This example is nearly the only one we could find in the media, on the issue of the negative attitudes demonstrated by the French population towards refugees. Given that unfriendly attitudes are well-known and common in France, it is surprising that this issue is under-covered by the media.
 Au cœur d’un “hotspot”, centre d’enregistrement pour migrants. TF1, 2 December 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-20h/videos/2015/au-coeur-d-un-hotspot-centre-d-enregistrement-pour-migrants-8691083.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=4
Croatie, comment s’effectuent les contrôles à la frontière ?, 29 November 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-we/videos/2015/croatie-comment-s-effectuent-les-controles-a-la-frontiere-8689650.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=8
Face à l’afflux massif de migrants, la Slovénie sous pression. TF1, 25 October 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-we/videos/2015/face-a-l-afflux-massif-de-migrants-la-slovenie-sous-pression-8675054.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=60
 Migrants : le périple d’un Syrien qui a tout quitté. TF1, 28 October 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-20h/videos/2015/migrants-le-periple-d-un-syrien-qui-a-tout-quitte-8676615.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=48
De la Grèce à la Croatie, sur les traces d’une famille syrienne. TF1, 11 October 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-we/videos/2015/de-la-grece-a-la-croatie-sur-les-traces-d-une-famille-syrienne-8668662.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=93
 Migrants : nouveau drame au large de l’île de Lesbos, 242 réfugiés secourus. France 3, 29 October 2015. http://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/europe/migrants/migrants-nouveau-drame-au-large-de-l-ile-de-lesbos-242-refugies-secourus_1150715.html
 Lorraine : préparatifs avant l’arrivée des réfugiés syriens. France 3 Lorraine, 9 September 2015. http://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr/lorraine/lorraine-preparatifs-avant-l-arrivee-des-refugies-syriens-802949.html
 Among many articles: L’Union européenne pourrait accueillir 50 000 réfugiés installés en Turquie. Le Monde, 8 December 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/europe/article/2015/12/08/l-union-europeenne-pourrait-accueillir-50-000-refugies-installes-en-turquie_4826998_3214.html. Migrants : l’Europe menace d’exclure la Grèce de l’espace Schengen. Le Monde, 2 December 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/europe/article/2015/12/02/la-grece-risque-la-sortie-de-l-espace-schengen_4822232_3214.html. Migrants : Bruxelles demande à la France d’accélérer la répartition. Le Parisien, 1 December 2015. http://www.leparisien.fr/international/migrants-bruxelles-demande-a-la-france-d-accelerer-la-repartition-01-12-2015-5330683.php#xtref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.fr. L’accord entre la Turquie et l’UE est un “marchandage sordide”. La Croix, 30 November 2015. http://www.la-croix.com/Actualite/Europe/L-accord-entre-la-Turquie-et-l-UE-sur-les-migrants-Syriens-est-un-marchandage-sordide-2015-11-30-1386904
 L’Allemagne peut à nouveau renvoyer ses réfugiés. Le Figaro, 11 November 2015. http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2015/11/11/01003-20151111ARTFIG00211-l-allemagne-peut-a-nouveau-renvoyer-ses-refugies.php
Migrants : les refoulés de la frontières gréco-macédonienne. Libération, 4 December 2015. http://www.liberation.fr/planete/2015/12/04/migrants-les-refoules-de-la-frontiere-greco-macedonienne_1418290
Par crainte des migrants, le Danemark prend ses distances avec l’Europe. L’Express, 4 December 2015. http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/europe/par-crainte-des-migrants-le-danemark-prend-ses-distances-avec-l-europe_1742648.html
 Quand la Syrie accueillait les réfugiés… Ouest France, 23 November 2015. http://international.blogs.ouest-france.fr/archive/2015/11/23/quand-la-syrie-accueillait-les-refugies-15131.html
 Eux, c’est nous : un livre qui explique aux enfants pourquoi tendre la main aux réfugiés, Télérama, 26 November 2015. http://www.telerama.fr/idees/eux-c-est-nous-un-livre-qui-explique-aux-enfants-pourquoi-tendre-la-main-aux-refugies,134789.php
Eux, c’est nous : le livre qui parle des réfugiés aux enfants. Le Parisien TV, 8 décembre 2015. http://videos.leparisien.fr/video/eux-cest-nous-le-livre-qui-parle-des-refugies-aux-enfants-04-12-2015-x3gvp9k
Les éditeurs jeunesse s’unissent pour publier un livre sur les réfugiés. Elle, 22 November 2015. http://www.elle.fr/Loisirs/Livres/News/Les-editeurs-jeunesse-s-unissent-pour-publier-un-livre-sur-les-refugies-3013385
Les réfugiés expliqués aux enfants, L’Express, 22 November 2015. http://blogs.lexpress.fr/allonz-enfants/2015/11/22/les-refugies-expliques-aux-enfants/
 L’accueil des réfugiés est une chance. L’Express, 1 December 2015. http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/quand-les-chances-sont-chargees-d-espoir_1741372.html
 Among others: Rencontre avec une famille de réfugiés irakiens installée à Argelès-sur-Mer. France Bleu Roussillon, 6 November 2015. https://www.francebleu.fr/infos/societe/rencontre-avec-une-famille-de-refugies-irakiens-installee-argeles-sur-mer-1446846977. Intégration des réfugiés : en Allemagne, certains sont prêts à tout (story of refugees who converted to Christianity). France 3, 9 November 2015. http://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/europe/migrants/integration-des-refugies-en-allemagne-certains-sont-prets-a-tout_1166519.html. Un réfugié syrien nourrit les sans-abri à Berlin. Le Monde, 27 November 2015. http://bigbrowser.blog.lemonde.fr/2015/11/27/un-refugie-syrien-nourrit-les-sans-abri-a-berlin/. L’ascension fulgurante d’un réfugié syrien grâce au crowdfunding. Le Point, 6 December 2015. http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/l-ascension-fulgurante-d-un-refugie-grace-au-crowdfunding-06-12-2015-1987602_24.php
 Réfugiés de Syrie : en deuil pour Paris. Le Parisien magazine, 20 November 2015. http://www.leparisien.fr/magazine/grand-angle/refugies-de-syrie-en-deuil-pour-paris-19-11-2015-5292731.php
A Paris, des réfugiés rattrapés par la peur. La Croix, 22 November 2015. http://www.la-croix.com/Actualite/France/A-Paris-des-refugies-rattrapes-par-la-peur-2015-11-22-1383518
 Réfugiés : deux mois après leur arrivée en France. TF1, 9 November 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/jt-20h/videos/2015/refugies-deux-mois-apres-leur-arrivee-en-france-8681815.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=39
De l’opposant politique à l’ingénieur, le profil des réfugiés syriens évolue. Le Monde, 26 September 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/immigration-et-diversite/article/2015/09/26/de-l-opposant-politique-a-l-ingenieur-le-profil-des-refugies-syriens-evolue_4772832_1654200.html
 Leur bateau prend l’eau en pleine mer : deux sœurs syriennes nagent pour sauver 20 migrants. TF1, 10 November 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/videos/2015/leur-bateau-prend-l-eau-en-pleine-mer-2-soeurs-syriennes-nagent-8682029.html?xtmc=refugies&xtcr=38
 Migrants : dans les Vosges, ils ne sont pas toujours les bienvenus. France 2, 11 November 2015. http://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/europe/migrants/migrants-dans-les-vosges-ils-ne-pas-toujours-les-bienvenus_1170005.html
 Allemagne : l’accueil des réfugiés mis en cause. RFI, 18 November 2015. http://www.rfi.fr/emission/20151118-allemagne-accueil-refugies-remis-cause
Réfugiés syriens : l’Allemagne restreint sa politique d’accueil. Les Echos, 10 November 2015. http://www.lesechos.fr/monde/europe/021468789739-refugies-syriens-lallemagne-restreint-sa-politique-daccueil-1174081.php
Etats-Unis : la Chambre adopte la suspension de l’accueil de réfugiés syriens et irakiens. Le Monde, 19 November 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/ameriques/article/2015/11/19/etats-unis-la-chambre-adopte-la-suspension-de-l-accueil-de-refugies-syriens-et-irakiens_4813851_3222.html
Etats-Unis : une vingtaine de gouverneurs s’oppose à l’accueil de réfugiés. TF1, 19 November 2015. http://lci.tf1.fr/videos/2015/etats-unis-une-vingtaine-de-gouverneurs-s-oppose-a-l-accueil-de-8684405.html
 Des réfugiés syriens enfermés dans des centres de rétention administrative. Le Monde, 14 November 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2015/11/14/des-refugies-syriens-enfermes-dans-des-centres-de-retention-administrative_4809903_3224.html
 Réfugiés et aides sociales : les intox de Pierre Lellouche. Le Monde, 2 November 2015. http://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2015/11/02/refugies-et-aides-sociales-les-intox-de-pierre-lellouche_4801590_4355770.html
 Les Français hostile à l’accueil de réfugiés. Le Dauphiné, 28 October 2015. http://www.ledauphine.com/france-monde/2015/10/28/les-francais-hostiles-a-l-accueil-de-refugies